Monday, September 15, 2014

Where journalism is dangerous


  Syria is most dangerous place in the world for journalists
Danger around the world

What is the Committee to Protect Journalists? Check this

Do you know who Ernie Pyle was?
Read: D-Day

NORMANDY BEACHHEAD, June 16, 1944 – I took a walk along the historic coast of Normandy in the country of France.
It was a lovely day for strolling along the seashore. Men were sleeping on the sand, some of them sleeping forever. 
Men were floating in the water, but they didn’t know they were in the water, for they were dead.
The water was full of squishy little jellyfish about the size of your hand. Millions of them. In the center each of them had a green design exactly like a four-leaf clover. The good-luck emblem. Sure. Hell yes.
I walked for a mile and a half along the water’s edge of our many-miled invasion beach. 
You wanted to walk slowly, for the detail on that beach was infinite.
The wreckage was vast and startling. The awful waste and destruction of war, even aside from the loss of human life, has always been one of its outstanding features to those who are in it. Anything and everything is expendable. 
And we did expend on our beachhead in Normandy during those first few hours.
For a mile out from the beach there were scores of tanks and trucks and boats that you could no longer see, for they were at the bottom of the water – swamped by overloading, or hit by shells, or sunk by mines. Most of their crews were lost.
You could see trucks tipped half over and swamped. You could see partly sunken barges, and the angled-up corners of jeeps, and small landing craft half submerged. And at low tide you could still see those vicious six-pronged iron snares that helped snag and wreck them.
On the beach itself, high and dry, were all kinds of wrecked vehicles. There were tanks that had only just made the beach before being knocked out. There were jeeps that had been burned to a dull gray. There were big derricks on caterpillar treads that didn’t quite make it. There were half-tracks carrying office equipment that had been made into a shambles by a single shell hit, their interiors still holding their useless equipage of smashed typewriters, telephones, office files.
There were LCT’s (landing craft tanks) turned completely upside down, and lying on their backs, and how they got that way I don’t know. There were boats stacked on top of each other, their sides caved in, their suspension doors knocked off.
In this shoreline museum of carnage, there were abandoned rolls of barbed wire and smashed bulldozers and big stacks of thrown-away lifebelts and piles of shells still waiting to be moved.
In the water floated empty life rafts and soldiers’ packs and ration boxes, and mysterious oranges.
On the beach lay snarled rolls of telephone wire and big rolls of steel matting and stacks of broken, rusting rifles.
On the beach lay, expended, sufficient men and mechanism for a small war. They were gone forever now. And yet we could afford it.
We could afford it because we were on, we had our toehold, and behind us there were such enormous replacements for this wreckage on the beach that you could hardly conceive of their sum total. Men and equipment were flowing from England in such a gigantic stream that it made the waste on the beachhead seem like nothing at all, really nothing at all.
A few hundred yards back on the beach is a high bluff. Up there we had a tent hospital, and a barbed-wire enclosure for prisoners of war. From up there you could see far up and down the beach, in a spectacular crow’s-nest view, and far out to sea.
And standing out there on the water beyond all this wreckage was the greatest armada man has ever seen. You simply could not believe the gigantic collection of ships that lay out there waiting to unload.
Looking from the bluff, it lay thick and clear to the far horizon of the sea and beyond, and it spread out to the sides and was miles wide. Its utter enormity would move the hardest man.
As I stood up there I noticed a group of freshly taken German prisoners standing nearby. They had not yet been put in the prison cage. They were just standing there, a couple of doughboys leisurely guarding them with tommy guns.
The prisoners too were looking out to sea – the same bit of sea that for months and years had been so safely empty before their gaze. Now they stood staring almost as if in a trance.
They didn’t say a word to each other. They didn’t need to. The expression on their faces was something forever unforgettable. In it was the final horrified acceptance of their doom.
If only all Germans could have had the rich experience of standing on the bluff and looking out across the water and seeing what their compatriots saw.
War Correspondent

Who was Edward R. Murrow?

War Correspondent

Comment below, by 5 pm, Wednesday, Sept. 17
1. One paragraph: Why do you think anyone would want to be an international journalist today?
2. One paragraph: Comment on what makes Pyle's writing  and Murrow's narration so effective?
3. One paragraph: What did you learn from The Committee to Protect Journalists site?


  1. 1. I believe it is very dangerous to want to be an international journalist today. But I believe some people really want to gather truthful information and provide it to the public. These journalists want to try to help the public be correctly informed.
    2. It was so effective because they lived through the period and got involved. Being within the war grants a whole new perspective than someone looking at it from the outside. The type of information they gather is unique.
    3. I learned that they are trying to ensure that journalists can safely provide news. They (the CPJ) are wanting people to rise up for journalists to gain rights and protection. These journalists need someone to stand up for them, especially after all the deaths that have occurred and that they no longer feel safe to provide factual information to the public.

  2. 1) I think even though international journalism can be extremely risky, those committed to sharing and exposing what is going on around the world will take the risk. Many journalists believe that it is their duty to make sure their communities’ citizens are aware and in the know of international truth.
    2) Pyle’s writing and Murrow’s narration is effective because they write and speak as though they are opening up a window and allowing their audience to see and feel exactly what they’re sharing. They make something intangible seem tangible. And that’s what makes good writing/narration.
    3) Something I learned from The Committee to Protect Journalists site is that CPJ actually does research of their own, instead of just regurgitating information.

  3. 1. International journalism is a very risky job, but I think that may be the reason why people choose it. You travel constantly but you never know what to expect. Another reason is that they are determine to get the job done and notify the public.
    2. I think that the reason that its effective is because he was descriptive about his surrounds. That gives his readers a great picture of what he was seeing and hearing. Readers want to feel like they were there as well.
    3. I learned that this website provides information about past and recent journalist, as well any updates on those missing and news. They also have it in sections where you can see how many have gone missing and where at.

    1. Journalist are trying to stand for one another and protect each other.

  4. 1.)I think there is a lot of pride and a lot to value about an international journalist. I cannot say I would be one, but if I were it would be because I wanted to bring unbiased news to my home country, and I want to be where the action is. However, I think it is a dangerous job that safety should be taken into consideration over getting the story first.
    2.) Their writing is so effective because of the pictures they paint with their words. As I read the descriptive writing of Pyle I could picture the bodies on the beach and the quiet manner of the aftermath of a warzone. He did an excellent job of making the reader feel the things he was feeling, and even the things the German soldiers were feeling.
    3.) I had not previously known about the Committee to Protect Jouralists, so I learned a lot including history of journalists, how dangerous being an international journalist is, and how CPJ is actively trying to change the epidemic of disappearing and dying journalists.

  5. 1. I think to be an international journalist you have to have a passion for it. Since the danger is so high for international journalism, I think all of them probably care a lot about passing on information and they really want the public to know about what they communicate. They know it's important for the public to have information.
    2. I think they are so intriguing because they too have a lot of passion for what they are saying. You can tell that they're not just giving us the information so they can get the job done. They actually want people to understand the situations and they speak with passion.
    3. I learned a lot about the dangers of being an international journalist and how big of a change the Committee to Protect Journalists is trying to make with the problem of missing journalists and violence towards them.

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  7. 1. I think that some people enjoy the thrill of new places and the excitement of covering different parts of the world. It can be exciting to discover how things in the media are in different countries and can have make you a better journalist.
    2. I think with anything you have to have a passion for what you do in order to be great. And I think with these people you can definitely tell that they have a certain enthusiasm for what they do. They really portray with their writing and voice what they are feeling and put you in that place. To me that is what makes them so special because a lot of people don't possess that ability.
    3.I learned about how dangerous it is to be an international journalist and how they are trying to help with the problem of missing journalists. I learned about the history of journalists and how precise they are when it comes to knowing what journalists have gone missing and where they went missing. It's a really great site.

  8. 1- It's really hard to come up with just one answer but i think there are many reasons depends on the person's background, morals, principles, values, etc. It can be as simple as curiosity, or a bigger goal such as influencing for good. To me journalism local or international is the voice of the voiceless, the power of the weak, justice for the aggrieved and of course the light of democracy.

  9. 2- It was quiet different from what we normaly read everyday on the papers. it didn t feel as much journaliystic as dramatic, descriptive, memorable storytelling. So effective that no one can resist drawing images, pictures in their heads. It felt like you re watching the news except in which you 're the photojournalist, producer, editor at the sametime.

  10. 1) I think there are many reasons that someone would want to be an international journalist, despite the danger. There's the desire to travel, see news happening first hand, spread important information, do something meaningful, or be recognized for your work. Plus, I think things tend to seem grander when they have a sense of danger associated with them.
    2) The great thing that I noticed from Pyle and Murrow was the way they really put you in that place. Pyle described the scene of Normandy so vividly, you really get a sense of it, even a bit emotionally. And Murrow described his scene so well, you could close your eyes and picture it. The way they were so descriptive really spoke to me, because it makes you really think about what it would be like to be there.
    3) Reading about the CPJ made me think of those journalist mystery movies, in that this organization is doing their own investigations of journalist killings. I learned that 9/10s of the time, journalists' murders are unpunished. It has a lot of data on abducted and killed journalists world wide, as well as advocacy efforts.

  11. 1. Why would anyone want to be in any profession today? They have a passion for it. Lots of people do lots of dangerous jobs. It's always been dangerous even before you had terrorists nabbing them like money bags.
    2. In my opinion, it's the very simple but gripping metaphors. Ghosts walking in the night, or men sleeping on the beach forever. If you get a chance, you should read Bill Mauldin's Up Front. He has an extended metaphor in the book to imagine what war is like. You go into your backyard and you dig a hole in the ground. You gotta stay in that hole, rain or shine. Imagine your neighbor is trying to kill you, and every so often he fires a shotgun over your head or throws dynamite into you yard. Really good, gripping stuff.
    3. Even in a relatively free media environment like Ghana, there are still issues of persecution and censorship. We like to imagine that stuff always happens elsewhere in evil regimes, but it's always lurking just down the street, if you make the wrong people mad.

  12. 3- I learned that journalism is just like a big family in which the truth, justice, accuracy, etc are the parents and the driving machine of the business where journalist from all over the world are brothers and sisters who care about eachother's safety and well being no matter how the views differ from one to another. a strong family that stands for its existence...that how it should doesn't ?

  13. 1. I think people would want to do international journalism today because this is where a lot of the big news is coming from. Yes, you will get news in a local environment, but it's not going to stand out that much when compared to international news. With everything that's going on in the world today, this is were journalists are going to show off their skills in finding the truth.

    2. Pyle's writing and Murrow's narration are so effective because they make you feel like you are there in the battlefield. Pyle literally describes everything he saw and wrote down in a way that makes the reader really think. Murrow is actually there with all of this stuff going on. He even let's us hear the sirens.

    3. I learned that they are really passionate in their cause. hey want to make sure all journalists a protect from any hardships that should come from this profession. It's their way to keep the balance of power in government in check. They believe that if journalists fail in providing news, then this won't be good for the people in society as a whole.

  14. 1. Fundamentally the core tenet of journalism should be to report to the public the events that are happening around them locally and in this case around the world. Journalists seek to inform the reader, giving them the facts and allowing them to read and the interpret stories for themselves (well, at least good journalists who don't feel the need to constantly interject their own interpretations and color the news) I believe that those who are willing to take on the role of traveling the world to cover events do it selflessly, with the goal of giving a voice to the people they cover and to highlight events around the world, especially in conflict situations where warring parties will try to silence anything they might see as opposing their point of view. It's these selfless actions that allow us to see the atrocities and injustices and decide whether or not we're willing to step up and take them on. Sure, there are probably a few adrenaline junkies who sign up to be foreign correspondents, but I would like to think the majority take on the extreme risk to shine a light through the darkness.
    2. Pyle's appeal is definitely within his ability to transform what might be looked at as just a common soldier and instead show that soldier's personality, their soul. He was a master at relating these epic situations to where everyday people could see the humanity and relate on some level to the men he wrote about in his columns. Murrow was revolutionary, not only staying on the radio continuously during the Blitz, but he always remained calm and collected, a voice on the seen that was able to illustrate a graphic picture of the events unfolding around him simply by the words he chose and the sounds he recorded around him. His broadcasts allowed listeners thousands of miles away to bear witness, not just to hear a short broadcast report, but to feel as if they were right there next to him as the sirens blared and the bombs fell.
    3. I think CPJ is an invaluable asset, while most journalists know they are not to become the story, CPJ allows their stories to be told. It's vital that the public realize at what lengths journalists are willing to go to gather the news to keep them informed, and with CPJ it gives a voice to those risking their lives everyday only to be arrested, killed, or harassed. If you don't highlight these situations then the truth risks being lost as more and more journalists are targeted in an attempt to silence them. In the expression "knowledge equals power" I think truth to be synonymous with knowledge, and without the ability to report the truth, you strip away the power of the people.

  15. 1. I think people want to do journalism somewhere else, because they want to make a difference in the world. Going out and getting out the truth to everyone else is important to them. They recognize the danger but doing something that matters, is more important to them than the danger.

    2. The most effective part of Pyle's writing and Morrow's descriptions is the description that is being give. You feel like you are there with them. You can picture in your mind what is going on, and that is key in journalism.

    3. I learned that their actually organizations out there trying to protect these journalists. I have never heard of this site or organization before. It is good to know that someone is doing their best to protect these people.

  16. 1. I believe people who want to change the world pursue this dream. Most countries shelter their citizens and control the media and here in America, we believe in a (somewhat) free press. Going overseas and shedding light on issues may bring about change in a country or region. Pursuing the truth is the number 1 priority for a journalist and we should join together globally to chase that ideal.

    2. Pyle's writing and Murrow's narration brought the war home to every day people. With the explosion of media interaction with every day people with the radio, people could listen from their homes thousands of miles away and be immersed in what was going on. They could find out if their efforts were helping fight the Axis powers and how they could generate more ideas, products, and weapons to help their fellow Americans even more.

    3. I learned that over 1000 journalists have been killed since 1992. The Committee spans world wide and strives to protect journalists from every background. They are currently imploring the Indonesian Government to release several French Journalists. They are also non-profit.

  17. 1. I think many people want to experience other cultures and history being made first hand. I think of adventure when I think about international journalism. I think about being able to experience another way of life, and being able to be in the thick of change.
    2 The writing and narration is effective because of the description they use. with the writing, you can almost see it and feel what he was feeling while looking at the bodies floating. The description of the jelly fish and how he is being sarcastic about the luck makes you understand the mood. The narration is just fascinating. it is incredible to hear the sirens going off in the background and he is so calm while he reports everything he sees. I imagine it was like the listeners could see everything in their minds at that moment.
    3. I learned that they are keeping track of all the journalists that have not been accounted for and care for their safety. It does not matter what country they are from, they are a true organization that just wants safety for those that are reporting news.

  18. 1. I think being an international journalist is extremely dangerous. I also believe that someone has to do in order to find what we call the truth. Without people like this we may never really know what is going on in the world.
    2. What made these people so influential was the way they got their information. They put themselves on the front line of war to show everybody what was really going on. They were relatable to the people.
    3. I had no previous knowledge of the Committee to Protect Journalist. I learned about the history and how they are trying to help find the missing. I think something that everyone should be aware of.

  19. 1. I believe that most of the Journalists who risk their lives in those dangerous areas, they love their jobs and careers. They feel that it’s their responsibility to go the front line and gather the truest materials for other people, for the rest of the world. Some of them may be passionate of putting themselves in those dangerous areas to enrich their life and career experiences.
    2. I think it’s because they used so many detailed descriptions on what he saw and what he felt. They let readers get involved in the things they talked about. When I was reading, there were even some live pictures in my mind of the scenes.
    3. I think what the Committee to Protect Journalists is doing is really good and meaningful. They are not just doing research and analysis, they are also doing the “real thing”------ provide legal, medical, and relocation assistance to journalists at risk. I think it’s a very useful organization for those Journalists in danger.

  20. 1.) Although being a journalist today is surprisingly very dangerous, a person can not fight their passion. There are so many dangerous jobs, such as being a soldier, policeman, or fireman, yet people still do those jobs because they feel it is their calling and duty to do so, this is no different for a journalist today.

    2.) Descriptive writing makes for effective writing. I personally like to read writing that gives me the same effect as watching a movie. As I read their writing I seen exactly what they were saying in my head.

    3.) I think the Committee to Protect Journalists gives future journalists some type of peace of mind. They keep track of the journalists which is a great thing, especially at a time like this.