Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Drone footage from Hong Kong--BBC

BBC Drone coverage

CORRECTION--Ethics, not Internaitonal

Thanks to Ricarda Arroyo for pointing out my mistake.

The Oct. 14 deadline 500-word report is for covering the ethics conference on Oct. 8-9, not the International festival.


More about China

Today's New York Times carries two stories of particular interest to this class, showing impact of social media. Read these.
1. Why will China's usual  authoritarian responses to protests won't work in Hong Kong?
2. China bans news reports of Hong Kong. Why is it afraid?

Comment below, by 5 p.m. Wednesday.


Sept. 30--5 p.m. First blog posts about Hong Kong
Oct. 1--5 p.m.--Second blog comments on Hong Kong.
Oct. 14--International Interview report--500 words, due at first of class

Monday, September 29, 2014

What China doesn't want you to see...

Social Media explodes in Hong Kong. Look here. And share.

Trouble for news media in Turkey, a U.S. ally

Read this story in the NY Times: Trouble in Turkey

Why doesn't the US do more about this?

China scrambles to censor Hong Kong social media

From Reuters--Hong Kong social media under attack. Read this link
Look at those cell phone cameras--Hong Kong protests
How has social media changed news coverage and protests like this? Reading this post and the two previous, about China and Russia, what is your reaction? Is "democracy" stronger in Hong Kong than here? Answer below--one paragraph. By 5 p.m. Tuesday, Sept. 30.

Sunday, September 28, 2014

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

What have you learned so far?

1. What is the most significant thing you've learned so far that you didn't know before?
2. What has impressed you the most?
3.What is the main thing you've disagreed with?
4. Why?

China clamps down

Read this story from the New York Times, and comment below about these questions:
China clamps down on Google

1. What does this tell you about how media has changed?
2. What are the effects of global media?
3. Are countries becoming obsolete?

By 5 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 24.

Presentations dates and rules

Presentation rules—you must be here for all presentations. In addition to absences, you lose 10 points.
Remember, outline to all--no excuse for not having enough.
Paper due day of presentation.
We’ll discuss each presentation and draw one potential final question from it.
Oct. 23--Soufian Fiaz, Chen Xie, 
Nov. 4
25--Josh Wallace
Dec. 4

Thursday, September 18, 2014

Suggested message

In your email, I suggest some form of the following:

I'm a senior (major) student at the University of Central Oklahoma in an international media class.
For my class assignment, I'm studying the media in your country and would appreciate it if you could answer a few questions for me.
Your views on the news media will be vital to  my class presentation later this semester. The quesitons I'd like to ask follow. Would it be possible to have your answers by (date)?

Please let me know by (date) if you can do this.

Thank you very much,

list of questions

Country media and tentative contacts

List below, by 5 pm Friday, Sept. 19.

Class calendar

No class Oct. 9  (Ethics Conference)
Oct. 14--Paper due, Midterm test
No class Oct. 16 (Fall Break)
No class Nov. 13 (International Festival)
Nov. 17--Paper due.
No class Nov. 28 (Thanksgiving)

1. You must attend one session of the Mass Comm Ethics Conference in the University Center either Oct. 8 (recommended) or Oct. 9, and write a 500-word news style report on it to be handed Oct. 14. Schedule to be posted soon.
2. You must attend the UCO International Festival in the University Center, interview one student from another country about their media, and write a 500-word news style report on the festival to be handed in by Nov. 17.

Another journalist murdered--Fair coverage?

Read this story about a woman Afghan journalist stabbed to death, in today's New York Times.

Do American media give too much coverage to the deaths of American journalssts and not enough to others? Why? Comment below b y 5 pm Monday, Sept. 22.

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Why do Americans distrust the "media"?

Gallup Poll Results

(Read, discuss in groups. Why is this? Is there a danger in this view? If so why? What can be done about it? Is it hopeless?)

Trust in Mass Media Returns to All-Time Low

Six-percentage-point drops in trust among Democrats and Republicans

by Justin McCarthy
WASHINGTON, D.C. -- After registering slightly higher trust last year, Americans' confidence in the media's ability to report "the news fully, accurately, and fairly" has returned to its previous all-time low of 40%. Americans' trust in mass media has generally been edging downward from higher levels in the late 1990s and the early 2000s.
Americans' Trust in the Mass Media
Prior to 2004, Americans placed more trust in mass media than they do now, with slim majorities saying they had a "great deal" or "fair amount" of trust. But over the course of former President George W. Bush's re-election season, the level of trust fell significantly, from 54% in 2003 to 44% in 2004. Although trust levels rebounded to 50% in 2005, they have failed to reach a full majority since.
Americans' trust in the media in recent years has dropped slightly in election years, including 2008, 2010, 2012, and again this year -- only to edge its way back up again in the following odd-numbered years. Although the differences between the drops and the recoveries are not large, they suggest that something about national elections triggers skepticism about the accuracy of the news media's reporting.
Among Democrats, Trust in Media at a 14-Year Low
Trust among Democrats, who have traditionally expressed much higher levels of confidence in the media than Republicans have, dropped to a 14-year low of 54% in 2014. Republicans' trust in the media is at 27%, one percentage point above their all-time low, while independents held steady at 38% -- up one point from 37% in 2013.
Trust in Mass Media, by Party
Sharp Uptick in Americans Who Think News Media Are "Too Conservative"
As has been the case historically, Americans are most likely to feel the news media are "too liberal" (44%) rather than "too conservative," though this perceived liberal bias is now on the lower side of the trend. One in three (34%) say the media are "just about right" in terms of their coverage -- down slightly from 37% last year.
Nearly one in five Americans (19%) say the media are too conservative, which is still relatively low, but the highest such percentage since 2006. This is up six points from 2013 -- the sharpest increase in the percentage of Americans who feel the news skews too far right since Gallup began asking the question in 2001.
Americans' Perceptions of Media Bias
Conservatives (70%) are far more likely than liberals (15%) to perceive the media as too liberal. Moderates' views are closer to liberals, with 35% calling the media too liberal. Likewise, relatively few moderates -- similar to conservatives -- think the media are too conservative.
Democrats -- with a small majority of 52% -- are most likely to think the media are just about right, while a mere 18% of Republicans feel this way about the news. More than seven in 10 Republicans say the media are too liberal.
Perceptions of Media Bias, by Party and Ideology
Bottom Line
Though a sizable percentage of Americans continue to have a great deal or fair amount of trust in the media, Americans' overall trust in the Fourth Estate continues to be significantly lower now than it was 10 to 15 years ago.
As the media expand into new domains of news reporting via social media networks and new mobile technology, Americans may be growing disenchanted with what they consider "mainstream" news as they seek out their own personal veins of getting information. At the same time, confidence is down across many institutions, and a general lack in trust overall could be at play.
Americans' opinions about the media appear affected in election years, however. Americans' trust in the media will likely recover slightly in 2015 with the absence of political campaigns. But the overarching pattern of the past decade has shown few signs of slowing the decline of faith in mass media as a whole.
Survey Methods
Results for this Gallup poll are based on telephone interviews conducted Sept. 4-7, 2014, with a random sample of 1,017 adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia.
For results based on the total sample of national adults, the margin of sampling error is ±4 percentage points at the 95% confidence level.
Interviews are conducted with respondents on landline telephones and cellular phones, with interviews conducted in Spanish for respondents who are primarily Spanish-speaking. Each sample of national adults includes a minimum quota of 50% cellphone respondents and 50% landline respondents, with additional minimum quotas by time zone within region. Landline and cellular telephone numbers are selected using random-digit-dial methods. Landline respondents are chosen at random within each household on the basis of which member had the most recent birthday.
Samples are weighted to correct for unequal selection probability, nonresponse, and double coverage of landline and cell users in the two sampling frames. They are also weighted to match the national demographics of gender, age, race, Hispanic ethnicity, education, region, population density, and phone status (cellphone only/landline only/both, and cellphone mostly). Demographic weighting targets are based on the most recent Current Population Survey figures for the aged 18 and older U.S. population. Phone status targets are based on the most recent National Health Interview Survey. Population density targets are based on the most recent U.S. census. All reported margins of sampling error include the computed design effects for weighting.
In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of public opinion polls.

Monday, September 15, 2014

Where journalism is dangerous


  Syria is most dangerous place in the world for journalists
Danger around the world

What is the Committee to Protect Journalists? Check this http://www.cpj.org/

Do you know who Ernie Pyle was?
Read: D-Day

NORMANDY BEACHHEAD, June 16, 1944 – I took a walk along the historic coast of Normandy in the country of France.
It was a lovely day for strolling along the seashore. Men were sleeping on the sand, some of them sleeping forever. 
Men were floating in the water, but they didn’t know they were in the water, for they were dead.
The water was full of squishy little jellyfish about the size of your hand. Millions of them. In the center each of them had a green design exactly like a four-leaf clover. The good-luck emblem. Sure. Hell yes.
I walked for a mile and a half along the water’s edge of our many-miled invasion beach. 
You wanted to walk slowly, for the detail on that beach was infinite.
The wreckage was vast and startling. The awful waste and destruction of war, even aside from the loss of human life, has always been one of its outstanding features to those who are in it. Anything and everything is expendable. 
And we did expend on our beachhead in Normandy during those first few hours.
For a mile out from the beach there were scores of tanks and trucks and boats that you could no longer see, for they were at the bottom of the water – swamped by overloading, or hit by shells, or sunk by mines. Most of their crews were lost.
You could see trucks tipped half over and swamped. You could see partly sunken barges, and the angled-up corners of jeeps, and small landing craft half submerged. And at low tide you could still see those vicious six-pronged iron snares that helped snag and wreck them.
On the beach itself, high and dry, were all kinds of wrecked vehicles. There were tanks that had only just made the beach before being knocked out. There were jeeps that had been burned to a dull gray. There were big derricks on caterpillar treads that didn’t quite make it. There were half-tracks carrying office equipment that had been made into a shambles by a single shell hit, their interiors still holding their useless equipage of smashed typewriters, telephones, office files.
There were LCT’s (landing craft tanks) turned completely upside down, and lying on their backs, and how they got that way I don’t know. There were boats stacked on top of each other, their sides caved in, their suspension doors knocked off.
In this shoreline museum of carnage, there were abandoned rolls of barbed wire and smashed bulldozers and big stacks of thrown-away lifebelts and piles of shells still waiting to be moved.
In the water floated empty life rafts and soldiers’ packs and ration boxes, and mysterious oranges.
On the beach lay snarled rolls of telephone wire and big rolls of steel matting and stacks of broken, rusting rifles.
On the beach lay, expended, sufficient men and mechanism for a small war. They were gone forever now. And yet we could afford it.
We could afford it because we were on, we had our toehold, and behind us there were such enormous replacements for this wreckage on the beach that you could hardly conceive of their sum total. Men and equipment were flowing from England in such a gigantic stream that it made the waste on the beachhead seem like nothing at all, really nothing at all.
A few hundred yards back on the beach is a high bluff. Up there we had a tent hospital, and a barbed-wire enclosure for prisoners of war. From up there you could see far up and down the beach, in a spectacular crow’s-nest view, and far out to sea.
And standing out there on the water beyond all this wreckage was the greatest armada man has ever seen. You simply could not believe the gigantic collection of ships that lay out there waiting to unload.
Looking from the bluff, it lay thick and clear to the far horizon of the sea and beyond, and it spread out to the sides and was miles wide. Its utter enormity would move the hardest man.
As I stood up there I noticed a group of freshly taken German prisoners standing nearby. They had not yet been put in the prison cage. They were just standing there, a couple of doughboys leisurely guarding them with tommy guns.
The prisoners too were looking out to sea – the same bit of sea that for months and years had been so safely empty before their gaze. Now they stood staring almost as if in a trance.
They didn’t say a word to each other. They didn’t need to. The expression on their faces was something forever unforgettable. In it was the final horrified acceptance of their doom.
If only all Germans could have had the rich experience of standing on the bluff and looking out across the water and seeing what their compatriots saw.
War Correspondent

Who was Edward R. Murrow?

War Correspondent

Comment below, by 5 pm, Wednesday, Sept. 17
1. One paragraph: Why do you think anyone would want to be an international journalist today?
2. One paragraph: Comment on what makes Pyle's writing  and Murrow's narration so effective?
3. One paragraph: What did you learn from The Committee to Protect Journalists site?

Thursday, September 11, 2014

New York Times, Education Equals Income

Here's an article in today's New York Times that might interest you:Equation is Simple: Education= Income

Politics and the English Language--Orwell

Politics and the English Language
"The scrupulous writer, in every sentence he writes, will ask himself four questions, thus:
"1. What am I trying to say?
"2. What words will be express it?"

George Orwell--a Final Warning?


George Orwell on 9/11

George Orwell

From BBC

George Orwell was a British journalist and author, who wrote two of the most famous novels of the 20th century 'Animal Farm' and 'Nineteen Eighty-Four'.
Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair on 25 June 1903 in eastern India, the son of a British colonial civil servant. He was educated in England and, after he left Eton, joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, then a British colony. He resigned in 1927 and decided to become a writer. In 1928, he moved to Paris where lack of success as a writer forced him into a series of menial jobs. He described his experiences in his first book, 'Down and Out in Paris and London', published in 1933. He took the name George Orwell, shortly before its publication. This was followed by his first novel, 'Burmese Days', in 1934.
An anarchist in the late 1920s, by the 1930s he had begun to consider himself a socialist. In 1936, he was commissioned to write an account of poverty among unemployed miners in northern England, which resulted in 'The Road to Wigan Pier' (1937). Late in 1936, Orwell travelled to Spain to fight for the Republicans against Franco's Nationalists. He was forced to flee in fear of his life from Soviet-backed communists who were suppressing revolutionary socialist dissenters. The experience turned him into a lifelong anti-Stalinist.
Between 1941 and 1943, Orwell worked on propaganda for the BBC. In 1943, he became literary editor of the Tribune, a weekly left-wing magazine. By now he was a prolific journalist, writing articles, reviews and books.
In 1945, Orwell's 'Animal Farm' was published. A political fable set in a farmyard but based on Stalin's betrayal of the Russian Revolution, it made Orwell's name and ensured he was financially comfortable for the first time in his life. 'Nineteen Eighty-Four' was published four years later. Set in an imaginary totalitarian future, the book made a deep impression, with its title and many phrases - such as 'Big Brother is watching you', 'newspeak' and 'doublethink' - entering popular use. By now Orwell's health was deteriorating and he died of tuberculosis on 21 January 1950.

Tuesday, September 9, 2014

South America

Country adoption countdown and guidelines

Country adoption guidelines and countdown

1. International adoption guidelines
  1. Four-page paper--due to Dr. Clark day of presentaiton
  2. WWWWWH of media in that country
  3. Include country's brief history,  population, religions, location, any distinguishing  characteristics of culture, and the media
  4. Statistics on media circulation, numbers of TV channels, newspapers, etc
  5. Role of media, control of media
  6. 15-minute presentation to class with visuals, including map
  7. One page outline to each student
  8. Minimum of five sources
  9. Social media interview with someone in that county included
“I want to have a summary grasp of what media is like in the
country, how it functions, and its control and influence.”--Clark
2. Timetable
  • We will begin your country adoption reports Tuesday, Oct. 11, and have two or three a day. Date assignments will be made Sept. 30.
  • By Thursday, Sept. 18, post below the person and media you will contact.
  • By  Tuesday, Sept. 23, you will have made contact by email with a media person in your country. We will discuss this in class. 
  • In initial email, introduce yourself; tell the person who you are and that  you're doing this for a university class; and give the link to Clarkinternational as a reference. 
  • Ask for a confirmation email.
  • Let them know you need to visit with them, via email, no later than Oct. 3.
  • Ask them for a date when they'd have time to respond.
  • If the person does not respond within 24 hours, send another email. If that doesn't work, find a backup person immediately.
  • Being unable to contact a media person will subtract 30 points from your 150-point project.
  • Send them the list of questions you'd to discuss, including but not exclusive:
  1. What is the roll of the media in their country?
  2. How has the Internet and social media changed media in their country?
  3. What is the most important thing to know about media in their country?
  4. Who controls the media in their country?
  5. What are the strengths of the media in their country?
  6. What are the weaknesses of the media in their country?

Thursday, September 4, 2014

Vice, new International News Source

Read this story in today's New York Times about Vice. Page B1.
How many people and countries is Vice now reaching? Why? Comment below, by 5 pm Sept. 8.

New York Times and Vista assignments.

1. Read Josh Wallace's editorial on the Isis execution in today's Vista. Bring it back with you for group discussion and writing assignment Tuesday, Sept. 9.
2. China is cracking down on Hong Kong media. Read this story in yesterday's New York Times. Why was this done, and do you think it will make any difference? Why is Hong Kong an issue for China?  Democracy column dropped.
Comment below by 5 p.m. Monday, Sept. 8.

Jordan media

From Petra Sweiss' presentation on Jordan, what did you learn that will help your presentation?
What advice did she give you?

Comment below by 5 p.m. Monday, Sept. 8.